Debt has clearly become the burden of the American family budget. And while not all debt is bad, some types of debt can be destructive, nibble away at your finances and give you that “I just can’t get ahead” feeling. High credit balances and low savings can be a one-two punch that prevents you from accumulating sufficient savings to insulate yourself from financial stress.
The road to recovery? Reduce debt. You could just keep making your current payments, but unless your debt is structured in an unusual way, that’s probably the most costly and difficult way to do it in terms of payoff amount and duration.
Once incurred, debt can be mighty hard to get rid of. But here are five ways to overcome those pesky, persistent loan balances.
Look at your lowest credit balance. Maybe it’s a retail store credit card or a low-balance credit card you don’t use much. Take everything you can scrape together and throw it at that card each month until it’s paid off. Now do that again with the next highest balance, and so on. This is part financial strategy and part behavior modification: By “removing” those payments from your budget, you start building a reserve into your monthly spending habits. And that reserve gets bigger and bigger as you move up to the higher balances. Eventually, you’ll pay off enough of your debt to be able to start diverting some of that reserve into savings. Win!
The snowball is highly effective in motivating you to act and keep with the program; however, it may not result in the lowest overall payments. If that’s your goal, and you can stay motivated, consider the avalanche: making minimum payments on all of your debts along with the biggest additional payment you can on the debt that has the highest interest rate, often a credit card. When that’s paid off, do it again with the debt with the next highest interest rate, and keep following that pattern until you pay off your lowest-rate debt. This approach will save more money on interest over time.
If you go into debt to buy a house or get an education in a field that’s going to pay well enough to repay the loan or start a profitable business, that’s good debt. You’re investing money in a way that can help eventually increase your net worth. Bad debt includes money borrowed for things that decrease in value as soon as you buy them or debt taken on for purchases that are beyond your budget. That could include discretionary credit card purchases for nonessential items or a car loan for a vehicle you really can’t afford.
The strategy here is to focus on paying off bad debt first by making more than the minimum payments to get out from under. Often, bad debt carries higher interest rates, so you may also save some interest costs by doing this. But the main benefit is that you’ll feel better by decreasing your bad debt — and be in a better financial position — if you owe money on a house that builds equity and provides a place to live than if you owe money on a new wardrobe that will probably be out of style by next year.
This strategy is simple, straightforward and fiscally sound: Take each of your monthly payments and split them in half. Make one of those payments every other week. Because there are 52 weeks in the year, you’re actually making one additional monthly payment, 13, each year. In addition, you’re lowering your loan balance more rapidly. Both of those things will save you money on interest. This is especially effective when used on longer term obligations like an auto loan, student loan or mortgage.